Insulation Options: Different Types of Insulation Materials

Insulation of an old buildingInsulation has plenty of advantages in a building. Aside from regulating the temperature in a room, it’s also an efficient way of cutting back on energy costs and on our carbon footprints. In addition, properly installed insulation systems even bring health benefits to the occupants.

Insulation materials come in many types and are used to limit the flow of heat from one side of the insulation to the other. These varying options offer different benefits. While it’s quite easy to find contractors to install spray foam insulation in Kansas City, here are some of the other types of insulation available today.

Blanket or matting insulation

For home insulation, one of the most common types used is blanket or matting insulation. This option usually comes in the form of rolls with a foil backing. It could be made from different materials, namely– mineral or glass wool, plastic fibers, and natural fibers like cotton or sheep’s wool. Glass wool made from recycled bottles is usually the material used in this kind of insulation which makes it an environment-friendly option. On the other hand, sheep’s wool is well-known for being a sustainable alternative. Blanket insulation is very cost effective and is perhaps one of the easiest materials to install.

Loose fill insulation

Loose fill or blown-in insulation is one of the most common forms of insulation used nowadays. It usually takes the form of tiny particles that eventually form a material that could shape itself around any space without disturbing the structure. Cellulose, mineral rock wool, and fiberglass are the most common materials used for this type of insulation. Blown-in insulation is usually installed in attics/lofts, as well as wall cavities, through the use of a pipe. This type is very quick to install and is effective for use in spaces with limited access.

Spray foam insulation

Spray foam insulation

Spray foam is typically formed from polyurethane and is sprayed in its liquid form, which then expands up to a hundred times its original volume. Once the foam sets, it serves as an effective noise and thermal insulating layer. For cavity walls, slow-curing foams are usually applied since they could flow around any form of obstruction before finally hardening. Among the types of insulation, spray foam is considered to be the best choice for air leakage reduction.

Rigid foam insulation

Foam boards are rigid panels used in insulation by cutting and fitting them in place. They are commonly made from polyisocyanurate, polystyrene, and polyurethane. This material could be fitted to a depth of around 175 mm. Used mostly for instances where there is weight that needs support such as under a floor, rigid foam insulation is a durable option and could even provide acoustic insulation.

Insulation is an important addition to any building. A properly installed insulation system ensures comfort. It also has energy and cost-saving benefits aside from being environmentally friendly. Knowing the uses and benefits of each type of insulation could help you decide which would be the most efficient material depending on your building needs.